Monthly Archives: March 2016

Night at the Vet College: Animal Athletes

Have you ever visited the Royal Veterinary College? Not many people realise our central London campus is only a 10-minute walk from King’s Cross or Camden Town. At the RVC, leading scientists and vets carry out research and teaching as part of our role as a specialist college for veterinary medicine, nursing and biosciences, in the University of London.

Whilst the campus is not usually open to the public, on Thursday 17 March 2016, we opened our doors to welcome visitors to see behind the scenes at our ‘Night at the Vet College’ event. Kindly funded by The Physiological Society, we focused on ‘Animal Athletes’, looking at elite physiological adaptations.

795 tickets were booked for this free event, and the night started off with a buzz and a queue that reached down the street. The first lecture was Professor Renate Weller’s ‘The Horse as the Ultimate Athlete’, which filled our Great Hall lecture theatre. Renate showed how horse legs can be compared to pogo sticks – of course there was one for a willing volunteer to try out!

Between lectures, visitors took part in hands on science activities such as our Physiology Challenge, where they could measure their heart rate, grip strength, reaction time and jump height, and compare them to different species. This was complemented by scientists explaining different aspects of animal physiology; such as Dr Sarah Channon showing muscle properties, Dr Amy Barstow showing how tendons work (both using real samples); and Dr Anna Walker demonstrating how she has developed innovative lameness sensors.

Paul Pollard from the Beaumont Sainsbury Animal Hospital demonstrated how vet nurses use physiological measures when caring for patients and visitors could have their ECG measured. We also had heart rate monitors on display, demonstrating how the same technology can be used for humans as well as horses to monitor performance.

The dissection event was a real highlight, and once again, Andrew Crook MBE gave a fantastic demonstration by showing a horse dissection to a live audience (which was completely full) and via live-streaming. Peter Day, our farrier, showed visitors how to use corrective shoes, and people were able to try out shoeing for themselves. We also had bone models that had previously been on display for the Ri Christmas lectures and art in the anatomy museum with our student art society and the Royal Society of Biology. Not only did visitors enjoy seeing the anatomy of extant species, they were also treated to a lively talk about extinct species presented by Professor John Hutchinson, explaining how giant animals were able to move in prehistoric landscapes.

The night ended with science comedy from Simon Watt in the Haxby bar, followed by a pub quiz probing the knowledge visitors, complete with animal themed prizes.

By Dr Grace Sim

 

Researcher in the Spotlight March 2016

hanhol

Hans-Christer Holmberg is Professor of Sport Science at the Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden. He is also director for Research and Development at the Swedish Olympic Committee and the Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre. His research has mainly focused on cross-country and alpine skiing.

Hans-Christer will give a plenary lecture at our BBEP meeting, 6-8 March 2016 in Nottingham, UK on Monday 7 March from 18.00 GMT. You can watch the live steam here.
Physiological limits to human performance: insight from the elite cross-country skier

What is your research about?

My research mainly focuses on cross-country and alpine skiing, and uses an integrative physiological and biomechanical approach. However, we also study other sports (such as cycling, running, swimming and rowing) and more general topics such as the effects of different types of endurance training and environmental factors (hyperoxia/hypoxia) on performance. Because of my position on the Swedish Olympic Committee, I am able to coordinate sport scientists from a wide range of disciplines and direct their expertise to helping elite athletes.

How did you come to be working in this field and was this something you always wanted to do?

I have always been interested in sport and competed in several sports myself. My educational background and work experience, before I started my research, was working with elite athletes as a chiropractor and as a coach for world-class endurance athletes (in cross-country skiing and kayaking). It was through this that I met Professor Bengt Saltin. After many hours of interesting discussions, he said to me, “HC, you ask so many interesting questions – you should be a sports science researcher”. Prof. Saltin’s knowledge and enthusiasm inspired me to change course and, after studying at the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, I got my Ph.D. in Medical Science from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. Overall, my great personal interest in sports has stimulated numerous ideas that we have applied to help athletes and enhance performance.

Why is your work important?

My main aim has been to contribute to the development of cross-country skiing as a sport. In parallel, I have also exploited cross-country skiing as a unique experimental model that allows insights about exercise physiology and locomotion/kinesiology. Cross-country skiing uniquely has numerous techniques and sub-techniques (classic vs. skating, diagonal stride vs. double poling etc.) that differentially involve the upper and lower-body, and all at or above the extremes of our aerobic capacities. Our scientific work involves extensive international collaboration and I am proud that the Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre has become a hub, not only for researchers interested in winter and snow sports, but also for physiologists who study basic mechanisms using cross-country skiing as a model system.

Do you think your work can make a difference?

Absolutely. Our work has made significant contributions to developing the sport and had an impact on general practice/training, as well as helping to improve performance. Cross-country skiing is a popular recreational sport in many parts of the world and some of our research has also raised public awareness of the many positive training adaptations and health effects of this type of exercise. Scientifically, our studies have hopefully also contributed to enhancing the general understanding of exercise physiology. Additionally, our approach of combining physiological and biomechanical measurements has inspired other sport scientists to perform integrated multidisciplinary studies.

What does a typical day involve?

I almost always begin my day with some exercise, which varies with the seasons. For example, this morning I cross-country skied for 90 minutes on trails that lead from my home. In the summer, I enjoy running on the special soil called muskeg that we have in Sweden.

My work involves many different things. As a researcher, I write scientific articles, meet with other researchers and students, supervise Ph.D. and postdoctoral students, organize projects, analyse data, apply for grants, visit collaborating international research groups and make presentations at conferences.

As a Director for R&D at the Swedish Olympic Committee, I meet with coaches and athletes, initiate and lead projects, identify trends and topics of interest for coaches/athletes that could possibly impact performance; supervise support staff and participate in training camps and events/competitions. I am also involved in planning for upcoming Olympics (Rio 2016 and PyeongChang 2018) and meetings with the Olympic organizations from other nations around the world.

What do you enjoy most in your job?

I enjoy trying to find solutions and transferring knowledge to athletes, coaches and the research community. As an entrepreneur, I love developing environments and coaching people, initiating and finalizing a range of projects and having an impact on sport performance. My job allows a high level of flexibility and the great variety of tasks gives me energy. I am never bored, there are so many challenges.

What do enjoy the least?

Meaningless meetings.

Tell us something about you that might surprise us…

Well, I like going out in the mountains around where I live in Åre to blow my birch trumpet (näverlur) and I’m very interested in wine, especially from the European regions around the 45th parallel north. 

What advice would you give to students/early career researchers?

Don’t think too much about your goals. Instead, enjoy your work and the results will come.

See challenges as something positive and make the most of them.